### Mathematics - Grade 7

Mathematics - Grade 7

Mathematics, grade 7 standards are made up of five strands: Number Sense; Computation; Algebra and Functions; Geometry and Measurement; and Data Analysis, Statistics, and Probability. The skills listed in each strand indicate what students in grade 7 should know and be able to do in mathematics. Grade 7 continues the trajectory towards a more formalized understanding of mathematics that occurs at the high school level that began in Grade 6. Students extend ratio reasoning to analyze proportional relationships and solve real-world and mathematical problems; extend previous understanding of the number system and operations to perform operations using all rational numbers; apply properties of operations in the context of algebraic expressions and equations; draw, construct, describe, and analyze geometric figures and the relationships between them; apply understandings of statistical variability and distributions by using random sampling, making inferences, and investigating chance processes and probability models. Using the Process Standards for mathematics in a planned and deliberate method to present the mathematics content standards will prescribe that students experience mathematics as a coherent, useful, and logical subject that makes use of their ability to make sense of the mathematics. Along with the current academic standards, the Science/Technical Studies Content Area Literacy Standards are incorporated in the teaching of this subject with the expectation of a continuum of reading and writing skills development.

In Math 7, instructional time will focus on four critical areas:
(1) developing an understanding of, and computing fluently with positive and negative rational numbers; (2) developing an understanding of algebraic reasoning, to include simplifying expressions, solving 2-step equations, graphing proportional relationships, and representing real world situations algebraically; (3) developing an understanding of proportional reasoning and solving real world problems involving proportional relationships; and (4) solving problems related to two- and three-dimensional figures using circumference, area, surface area, and volume.